For example, Baptist is currently the largest denomination in the United States but there are many dozens more. How did this happen?
We will outline the principal movements, people, and doctrines which comprise the Reformation. In the time available to us, we have the ability to introduce and outline the topic, spend one or two class periods on each of the main characters or movements, and try to look ahead to the post-Reformation time period and relate the Reformation to the state of the Church today, and to our local church.
Regrettably, since we are teaching from the Protestant perspective and time is limited, we will rarely explore the rich history of the Catholic or Counter-Reformation, and we will find this limitation increasing as we approach the modern period.
It is difficult enough for modern evangelical Protestants to self-identify within the Protestant tradition, because of our ignorance of history and anti-intellectualism within our ranks.
Attempting in a Sunday School class to follow the strands of Catholic or Orthodox history into the modern period would be beyond me right now. What is the Reformation?
The Reformation is the movement in history, beginning inwhich broke up the institutional unity of the church in Western Europe and established the third great branch of Christianity, called Protestantism, which was and is centered on the absolute and sufficient authority of the Bible and on justification by faith alone.
Other important terms Reformers This term refers to the leaders of the revolt against Catholicism. Luther, Zwingli, Calvin, Knox, Bucer, Cranmer, and others would merit this title, as would Anabaptists such as Menno Simons Protestant Any member of the original group that "protested" against the Catholic Church and actually separated from it, and any member of that group of churches or their modern descendants.
The term was first used in when a group of German noblemen "protested" at the Diet of Speyer. Magisterial Reformers The Reformers who believed that the civil magistrate should enforce the correct religion.
There was no difference on this point between the magisterial Reformers and the Roman Catholics. Anabaptist A member of the "radical Reformation" - those who went beyond the magisterial reformers and restricted baptism to adult believers.
This also implied that not everyone was expected to be a Christian. Therefore the government was out of the picture and should not be used by Christians to impose the true religion on others. Nor should Christians participate in civil government.
Religious It is normal within evangelical churches to present the Reformation as simply the recovery of the truth of the Bible after hundreds of years of false teaching, which had increased as the medieval period went on. From a religious perspective, there is much to commend this view.
Never before were so many people brought to read and study the Bible for themselves. The people turned from pilgrimages and indulgences to a simple worship of God and relied on his grace implicitly. And the results of that truth worked in society powerfully to create a new kind of people -- literate, dynamic citizens whose work ethic changed Europe and churches which eventually spread the Gospel across the globe.
Augustinian A theological interpretation of the Reformation is that it was the final outworking of the tensions within Roman Catholic theology itself, personified in the great father of Western theology, Augustine Augustine had solidified the foundations of the medieval reverence for "holy mother church," but.
Augustine was both the founder of Roman Catholicism and the author of that doctrine of grace which it has been the constantly pursued effort of Roman Catholicism to neutralize, and which in very fact either must be neutralized by, or will neutralize, Roman Catholicism.
Two children were struggling in the womb of his mind. There can be no doubt which was the child of his heart. His doctrine of the Church he had received whole from his predecessors, and he gave it merely the precision and vitality which insured its persistence.
His doctrine of grace was all his own: The problem which Augustine bequeathed to the Church for solution, the Church required a thousand years to solve. But even so, it is Augustine who gave us the Reformation. It has been commonplace to point out that Luther gave German princes the weapons they needed to do battle against the Pope in their constant jockeying for power.
Variations on this pattern were repeated in other countries, such as the opportunistic "Reformation" of Henry VIII when he wanted a divorce. It is true that the progress of reformation was intricately bound up with politics in many ways, as was true of any religious question since Constantine.Lecture 3: The Protestant Reformation: Arise, O Lord, and judge Thy cause.
A wild boar has invaded Thy vineyard. Arise, O Peter, and consider the case of the Holy Roman Church, the mother of all churches, consecrated by thy blood. Martin Luther. The Counter Reformation. Calvinism: THE REFORMATION. Europe's Search For Stability. One of the greatest of all revolutions was the 16th-century religious revolt known as the Reformation.
Find out more about the history of Martin Luther and the 95 Theses, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.
Get all the facts on barnweddingvt.com THE STORY OF THE CHURCH - PART 4, TOPIC 1 The Protestant Reformation Reformation Introduction Objectives. We will attempt to define the Protestant Reformation.
UW TACOMA DIVISION OF SOCIAL AND HISTORICAL STDY HISTORY (TACOMA) Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for. Autumn Quarter ; Winter Quarter ; T HIST Introduction to History Methods (5) I&S Introduces students to historians' methods for researching and writing, including Chicago style, with a focus on formulating, researching, and writing a history .
THE STORY OF THE CHURCH - PART 4, TOPIC 1 The Protestant Reformation Reformation Introduction Objectives. We will attempt to define the Protestant Reformation.