This booklet will provide a window into the past through a variety of primary sources regarding the Underground Railroad. These primary sources consist of broadsides, reward posters, newspaper clippings, historical documents, sheet music, photographs and narratives pertaining to the Underground Railroad. These items are found within the digitized collections of the Library of Congress.
Share via Email Why should we still read George Orwell on politics? Untilthe answer was plain. He was the writer who captured the essence of totalitarianism.
All over communist-ruled Europe, people would show me their dog-eared, samizdat copies of Animal Farm or Nineteen Eighty-Four and ask: Orwellian regimes persisted in a few remote countries, such as North Korea, and communism survived in an attenuated form in China.
But the three dragons against which Orwell fought his good fight - European and especially British imperialism; fascism, whether Italian, German or Spanish; and communism, not to be confused with the democratic socialism in which Orwell himself believed - were all either dead or mortally weakened.
Forty years after his own painful and early death, Orwell had won. What need, then, of Orwell? One answer is that we should read him because of his historical impact.
For Orwell was the most influential political writer of the 20th century. This is a bold claim, but who else would compete?
Or the novelist, playwright and philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, whom Orwell privately called "a bag of wind"? Take them one by one, and you will find that each made an impact more limited in duration or geographical scope than did this short-lived, old-fashioned English man of letters. Worldwide familiarity with the word "Orwellian" is proof of that influence.
It is used as a noun, to describe an admirer and conscious follower of his work. Occasionally, it is deployed as a complimentary adjective, to mean something like "displaying outspoken intellectual honesty, like Orwell". Very few other writers have garnered this double tribute of becoming both adjective and noun.
Everywhere that people lived under totalitarian dictatorships, they felt he was one of them. In fact, he was a very English writer who never went anywhere near eastern Europe. His knowledge of the communist world was largely derived from reading. Three personal experiences had transformed his understanding.
First, as a British imperial policeman for five years in Burma he was himself the servant of an oppressive, though not a totalitarian regime. By the time he resigned, he had acquired a lifelong hatred of imperialism and also a deep insight into the psychology of the oppressor.
Then he went to live among the "down-and-outs" in England and in Paris. So he knew at first hand the humiliating unfreedom that comes from poverty. Finally, there was the Spanish civil war.
Spain, for Orwell, meant the experience of fighting fascism and getting a bullet through his throat. But still more important was the revelation of Russian-led communist terror and duplicity, as he and his comrades in the heterodox Marxist POUM militia were hunted through the streets of Barcelona by the communists who were supposed to be their allies.
Of the Russian agent in Barcelona charged with defaming the POUM as Trotskyist Francoist traitors, he writes, in Homage to Catalonia, "It was the first time that I had seen a person whose profession was telling lies - unless one counts journalists.
It also reflects his disgust at the way the whole leftwing press in Britain was falsifying events that he had seen with his own eyes. As he says in his essay Why I Write, after Spain he knew where he stood.
He had earlier adopted the pen name George Orwell in preference to his own, Eric Blair, but it was after Spain that he really became Orwell. Every line of his writing was now to have a political purpose. Imperialism and fascism would remain major targets of his generous anger.
But the first enemy would be the blindness or intellectual dishonesty of those in the west who supported or condoned Stalinist communism - ever more so after the Soviet Union became the west's ally in the war against Hitler.Pet owners from around the world contributed the smartest behaviour they've witnessed from their animals to a thread on Bored Panda.
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We deliver papers of different types: essays, theses, book reviews, case studies, etc. Huw Liddell 16/11/03 Compare and contrast "Pneumoconiosis" and "He loved light, freedom and animals" Both poems have a connection with coal mines.
Pneumoconiosis is a disease caught in the mines by many coal miners, which affects the lungs. He has also written many essays, love, time, death and mortality, freedom, and the power of voice and storytelling.
In light of the imperiled storyteller in the book and related secondary themes, the text can also be used as a starting place to discuss censored and . Brain Pickings remains free I have decided to plunge into my vast archive every Wednesday and choose from the thousands of essays one worth resurfacing and resavoring.
Subscribe to this free midweek pick-me-up for heart, mind, and spirit below — it is separate from the standard Sunday digest of new pieces: love, and resources into. Approx. words / page; Font: 12 point Arial/Times New Roman; Double line spacing; Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard) Free bibliography page.