How to write a apa reference list

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How to write a apa reference list

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APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.

Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper.

Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text. Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title.

All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay. Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent. Present the journal title in full. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.

Capitalize all major words in journal titles. When referring to books, chapters, articles, or webpages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.

Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals.

Reference List

Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections. While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources.

This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list, except for personal communications (such as conversations or emails) which cannot be retrieved. A bibliography is different from a reference list as it lists all the sources used during your research and background reading, not just the ones you refer to in your writing. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most frequently used within the social sciences, in order to cite various sources. This APA Citation Guide, revised according to the 6th edition of the APA manual, provides the .

Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format.

For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list, except for personal communications (such as conversations or emails) which cannot be retrieved.

A bibliography is different from a reference list as it lists all the sources used during your research and background reading, not just the ones you refer to in your writing. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most frequently used within the social sciences, in order to cite various sources.

how to write a apa reference list

This APA Citation Guide, revised according to the 6th edition of the APA manual, provides the general format for in-text citations and the reference page. Alphabetize the list by the first word in the reference.

In most cases, the first word will be the author’s last name. Where the author is unknown, alphabetize by . manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (REF BF P83 ).

how to write a apa reference list

Feel free to ask for help at Feel free to ask for help at the Library’s Reference/I nformation Desk () or at the Write Place ().

Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in APA. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.

Don't want to cite by hand?

manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (REF BF P83 ). Feel free to ask for help at Feel free to ask for help at the Library’s Reference/I nformation Desk () or at the Write Place ().

Reference List: Basic Rules // Purdue Writing Lab