The Medill School was founded inand named after Joseph Medill —owner and editor of the Chicago Tribunewhich was then run by his grandsons Robert R. McCormick and Joseph Medill Patterson. The undergraduate curriculum requires a broad liberal arts education as well as the study and practice of journalism.
What is Motivated Reasoning? How Does It Work? Dollard Professor at Yale Law School. I will offer a few points to help people assess such claims.
To begin, motivated cognition refers to the unconscious tendency of individuals to fit their processing of information to conclusions that suit some end or goal.
Consider a classic example. In the s, psychologists asked experimental subjects, students from two Ivy League colleges, to watch a film that featured a set of controversial officiating calls made during a football game between teams from their respective schools. They had no idea or so we are to believe; one needs a good experimental design to be sure this is so that their perceptions were being bent in this way.
Examples of the goals or needs that can motivate cognition are diverse. But they reach more intangible stakes, too, such as the need to sustain a positive self-image or protect connections to others with whom someone is intimately connected and on whom someone might well depend for support, emotional or material.
The mechanisms are also diverse. To be sure, motivated cognition can make us stupid, but it is not a consequence of stupidity. Social psychologists and behavioral economists distinguish between two forms of reasoning: And humbling unless as a result of motivated reasoning we see evidence of its operation only in those who disagree with us—in which case, motivated reasoning makes us anything but humble.
Work on motivated cognition and political conflict tends to focus more on the need for maintaining a valued identity, particularly as a member of a group. It is certainly plausible that an individual would employ one or another of the mechanisms for motivated cognition to advance her economic interests.
Dan Kahan is the Elizabeth K.The Medill Justice Project also tracked down three of the 12 jurors in this murder case who said they harbored serious doubts about Gonzales’ guilt, primarily because of questions about eyewitness identification, but they went along with the decision to convict anyway.
The Innocence Project, founded in by Peter Neufeld and Barry Scheck at Cardozo School of Law, exonerates the wrongly convicted through DNA testing and reforms the . The Medill Justice Project, originally known as the Medill Innocence Project, began in , as an effort by Medill faculty and students to reinvestigate murder convictions in Illinois and determine if people were wrongly barnweddingvt.com effort has helped to free 11 innocent men, including Anthony Porter.
and the Ford Heights Four. Medill Justice Project work is credited with prompting Illinois. In April , The Medill Justice Project gave a talk at the Journalism Education Association/National Scholastic Press Association Spring National High School .
Polar Opposites. Murder rates have actually been trending down a bit in the US.. But you are still around fifty times more likely to be murdered in several dozen US cities than in any city in Europe, where the average is down around 1 in , now..
And with regard to exceptionally safe Italy, as usual the rate is even lower than the European average still. A Promise of Justice: The Eighteen-Year Fight to Save Four Innocent Men [David Protess, Rob Warden] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The dramatic true story of how a journalist, a professor, and three students solved a murder and helped free four wrongly convicted men after 18 years in prison.