History of knowledge organization; 2. Research traditions, approaches and basic theoretical issues in KO:
The dominant trend has been to regard only statistical averages. What has largely been neglected is to ask: Are there certain kinds of questions in relation to which other Organization of knowledge of representation, for example, controlled vocabularies, may improve recall and precision?
User-oriented and cognitive views[ edit ] The best way to define this approach is probably by method: Systems based upon user-oriented approaches must specify how the design of a system is made on the basis of empirical studies of users.
User studies demonstrated very early that users prefer verbal search systems as opposed to systems based on classification notations. This is one example of a principle derived from empirical studies of users.
Adherents of classification notations may, of course, still have an argument: That notations are well-defined and that users may miss important information by not considering them.
Folksonomies is a recent kind of KO based on users' rather than on librarians' or subject specialists' indexing. Bibliometric approaches[ edit ] These approaches are primarily based on using bibliographical references to organize networks of papers, mainly by bibliographic coupling introduced by Kessler or co-citation analysis independently suggested by Marshakova  and Small In recent years it has become a popular activity to construe bibliometric maps as structures of research fields.
Two considerations are important in considering bibliometric approaches to KO: The level of indexing depth is partly determined by the number of terms assigned to each document. In citation indexing this corresponds to the number of references in a given paper.
On the average, scientific papers contain 10—15 references, which provide quite a high level of depth.
The references, which function as access points, are provided by the highest subject-expertise: The experts writing in the leading journals. This expertise is much higher than that which library catalogs or bibliographical databases typically are able to draw on.
The domain analytic approach[ edit ] Domain analysis is a sociological-epistemological standpoint. The indexing of a given document should reflect the needs of a given group of users or a given ideal purpose.
In other words, any description or representation of a given document is more or less suited to the fulfillment of certain tasks. A description is never objective or neutral, and the goal is not to standardize descriptions or make one description once and for all for different target groups.
Nynne Koch was employed at the Royal Library in Copenhagen in a position without influence on book selection. She developed a classification system for this subject. The important theoretical point of view is that the Royal Library had an official systematic catalog of a high standard. Normally it is assumed that such a catalog is able to identify relevant books for users whatever their theoretical orientation.
This example demonstrates, however, that for a specific user group feminist scholarsan alternative way of organizing catalog cards was important. Different points of view need different systems of organization. DA is the only approach to KO which has seriously examined epistemological issues in the field, i.
Subjectivity is not just about individual differences. Such differences are of minor interest because they cannot be used as guidelines for KO. What seems important are collective views shared by many users.
A kind of subjectivity about many users is related to philosophical positions. In any field of knowledge different views are always at play. In arts, for example, different views of art are always present. In general it can be stated that different philosophical positions on any issue have implications for relevance criteria, information needs and for criteria of organizing knowledge.Divergent historical and theoretical approaches towards organizing knowledge are based on different views of knowledge, cognition, language, and social organization.
This richness lends itself to many complementary ways to consider knowledge organization.
|Implications for KM||Knowledge Base Software Introducing Organizational Knowledge In an earlier section we identified the three different types of knowledge that can exist in an organization.|
|Knowledge organization (IEKO)||The term knowledge organization systems is intended to encompass all types of schemes for organizing information and promoting knowledge management 1. Knowledge organization systems include classification schemes that organize materials at a general level such as books on a shelfsubject headings that provide more detailed access, and authority files that control variant versions of key information such as geographic names and personal names.|
|Knowledge organization (KO)||History of knowledge organization; 2. Research traditions, approaches and basic theoretical issues in KO:|
|8 Types of Organizational Knowledge - Simplicable||Quiz The Organization of Knowledge In the process of becoming an educated person, there exists a certain heirarchy in the world of learning.|
|Quiz The Organization of Knowledge In the process of becoming an educated person, there exists a certain heirarchy in the world of learning. It begins with the gathering of data; continues with the organization and synthesis of information; progresses to harnessing an understanding; and culminates in the evaluation of the worth of learning--wisdom.|
The two main aspects of KO are (1) knowledge organization processes (KOP) and (2) → knowledge organization systems (KOS). Knowledge organization processes (KOP) are, for example, the processes of cataloging, subject analysis, → indexing, → tagging and → classification by humans or computers.
Organizational: The definition of organizational knowledge is yet another concept that has very little consensus within literature.
Variations include the extent to which the knowledge is spread within the organization, as well as the actual make-up of this knowledge. Organization of knowledge and ideas is fundamental to the development of our understanding of the universe.
Categorization enables us to organize and build on our knowledge, as it provides a method of simplifying ideas so that we can identify patterns and relationships.
Organizational knowledge is the collective knowledge and abilities possessed by the people who belong to an organization. By definition, knowledge is a living type of information that is actively communicated and used by people. Knowledge organization (KO), organization of knowledge, organization of information, or information organization is a branch of library and information science (LIS) concerned with activities such as document description, indexing, and classification performed in libraries, databases, archives, etc.
It addresses the "activities carried out .