Paleolithic Age Essay Paleolithic Age Essay The Paleolithic age in the Pleistocene epoch of prehistory begins with the first use of manufactured tools by hominids and ends with the thaw of the last ice age leading into the Mesolithic and the Neolithic age with the advent of agriculture. Its exact duration varies from place to place and from hominid group to hominid group. Divided into three sections—chronologically the Lower, Middle, and Upper Paleolithic with the Epipaleolithic following this last in place of the Mesolithic in parts of the world without major glaciation —our hard data on the Paleolithic is scant compared to the archaeological riches of the Neolithic.
Kung San who live similarly to their Paleolithic predecessors. Most known hominin fossils dating earlier than one million years before present are found in Paleolithic age essay area, particularly in KenyaTanzaniaand Ethiopia.
Southern Caucasus was occupied by c. By the end of the Lower Paleolithic, members of the hominin family were living in what is now China, western Indonesia, and, in Europe, around the Mediterranean and as far north as England, southern Germany, and Bulgaria.
Their further northward expansion may have been limited by the lack of control of fire: Very little fossil evidence is available at known Lower Paleolithic sites in Europe, but it is believed that hominins who inhabited these sites were likewise Homo erectus.
There is no evidence of hominins in America, Australia, or almost anywhere in Oceania during this time period. Fates of these early colonists, and their relationships to modern humans, are still subject to debate.
According to current archaeological and genetic models, there were at least two notable expansion events subsequent to peopling of Eurasia c. In the Middle Paleolithic, Neanderthals were present in the region now occupied by Poland. Both Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis became extinct by the end of the Paleolithic.
Descended from Homo Sapiens, the anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens emerged in eastern Africa c. Multiple hominid groups coexisted for some time in certain locations. Homo neanderthalensis were still found in parts of Eurasia c.
DNA studies also suggest an unknown degree of interbreeding between Homo sapiens sapiens and Homo sapiens denisova. For the duration of the Paleolithic, human populations remained low, especially outside the equatorial region.
Excavations in Gona, Ethiopia have produced thousands of artifacts, and through radioisotopic dating and magnetostratigraphythe sites can be firmly dated to 2. Evidence shows these early hominins intentionally selected raw materials with good flaking qualities and chose appropriate sized stones for their needs to produce sharp-edged tools for cutting.
It was completely replaced aroundyears ago by the more complex Acheulean industry, which was first conceived by Homo ergaster around 1. Although they appear to have used hand axes often, there is disagreement about their use. Interpretations range from cutting and chopping tools, to digging implements, to flaking cores, to the use in traps, and as a purely ritual significance, perhaps in courting behavior.
Calvin has suggested that some hand axes could have served as "killer Frisbees " meant to be thrown at a herd of animals at a waterhole so as to stun one of them.
There are no indications of haftingand some artifacts are far too large for that. Thus, a thrown hand axe would not usually have penetrated deeply enough to cause very serious injuries. Nevertheless, it could have been an effective weapon for defense against predators. Choppers and scrapers were likely used for skinning and butchering scavenged animals and sharp-ended sticks were often obtained for digging up edible roots.
Fire use[ edit ] Fire was used by the Lower Paleolithic hominins Homo erectus and Homo ergaster as early asto 1. However, this hypothesis is disputed within the anthropological community. In addition to improving tool making methods, the Middle Paleolithic also saw an improvement of the tools themselves that allowed access to a wider variety and amount of food sources.
This was a lunar calendar that was used to document the phases of the moon. Genuine solar calendars did not appear until the Neolithic. Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted.Opposing Viewpoints of Capital Punishment - “Death penalty is a deterrent,” by George E.
Pataki and “The Death Penalty Should Not Be Abolished,” by David B. Muhlhausen are two articles that support capital punishment as a deterrent of crime.
Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England. He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award.
Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers.
Neolithic vs. Paleolithic Diffen › Social Sciences › History › Prehistory The Paleolithic Era (or Old Stone Age) is a period of prehistory from about million years ago to around years ago. In the Paleolithic Era, plants were used for medicines and food.
Animals were used for hunting. However, in the Neolithic Era, plants were used for food in the New Stone Age, however, the difference was that plants were grown on farms. Animals were used for domestication as well as other purposes. Cave paintings date back to a period of time called the Paleolithic Age.
The Paleolithic Age took place from 40, to 10, B.C. Prehistoric Age is divided into three parts: Paleolithic being the earliest, Mesolithic being the middle at 10, B.C. and Neolithic Age being the latest at 8, B.C. An example of Paleolithic art is the cave painting, Hall of the Bulls.
The surface on which it is painted is not smooth. The painters used the contours of the cave to give composition 2 / paleolithic age The notion that Paleolithic man was a cave man is preposterous.