Self concept

It includes things like your gender, name, personality, physical appearance, race, likes and dislikes, beliefs, values, social history, nationality, schooling, family, career, accomplishments, failures, skills and talents. Your self-concept also includes who you think you might become and what you believe you were like in the past. It is an idea or image of yourself that comes from what you know about yourself and what you believe others think about you. It answers the question:

Self concept

Self-Image, Ideal Self, and Self-Esteem Self-Concept The term self-concept is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about or perceives themselves. To be aware of oneself is to have a concept of oneself.


One definition of self-concept is: The child realizes that they exist as a separate entity from others and that they continue to exist over time and space. According to Lewis, awareness of the existential self begins as young as two to three months old and arises in part due to the relation the child has with the world.

Self concept

For example, the child smiles and someone smiles back, or the child touches a mobile and sees it move. Just as other objects including people have properties that can be experienced big, small, red, smooth and so on so the child is becoming aware of him or her self as an object which can be experienced and which has properties.

The self too can be put into categories such as age, gender, size or skill. The categories children apply to themselves are very concrete e. Later, self-description also begins to include reference to internal psychological traits, comparative evaluations and to how others see them.

Beyond these basic ways of experiencing the self, self-concept encompasses 3 things: The view you have of yourself Self-image How much value you place on yourself Self-esteem or self-worth What you wish you were really like Ideal self Self-Image Your self-image is what you see in yourself.

It does not necessarily have to reflect reality. Indeed a person with an eating disorder may be thin but have a self-image of being fat.

A person's self image is affected by many factors, such as parental influences, friends, the media etc. We are all social beings whose behavior is shaped to some extent by the roles we play.

Such roles as student, housewife, or member of the football team not only help others to recognize us but also help us to know what is expected of us in various situations.

These are a third dimension of our self-descriptions. Typically, young people describe themselves more in terms of personal traits, whereas older people feel defined to a greater extent by their social roles.

Ideal Self Ideal self refers to how you wish you were, and how you think you should be.

Self concept

It is shaped by your life experiences, messages you received from other people about how you should be, cultural values, and things you admired in role models. Therefore, there is an intimate relationship between self-image, ideal self, and self-esteem. This is called incongruence.

What constitutes a healthy self-concept?

Self-Esteem and Self-Worth Self-esteem refers to the extent to which we like, accept, or approve of ourselves; or how much we value ourselves. Self-esteem always involves a degree of evaluation, and we may have either a positive or a negative view of ourselves.

For example, in one study, participants waiting for a job interview were seated next to someone they were told was another candidate, but was really working with the researcher. The self-esteem of participants with Mr. Dirty increased while those with Mr.

However, other studies have shown that level of self-esteem affects performance at numerous tasks, so we could expect Mr. Dirty subjects to perform better than Mr.

Even though self-esteem might fluctuate, there are times when we continue to believe things about ourselves even when there is evidence to the contrary. This is known as the perseverance effect. That means if we believe negative things about ourselves, we are likely to maintain those beliefs regardless of what is really true.

Our early experiences, particularly messages we received from our parents, have a significant influence on our self-esteem. Four aspects of our current experience also influence self-esteem: If people admire us, flatter us, seek out our company, listen attentively and agree with us we tend to develop a positive self-image.

If the people we compare ourselves with our reference group appear to be more successful, happier, richer, better looking than we think we are we tend to develop negative self-esteem.Self-concept is generally thought of as our individual perceptions of our behavior, abilities, and unique characteristics.

It is essentially a mental picture of who you are as a person. For example, beliefs such as "I am a good friend" or "I am a kind person" are part of an overall self-concept.

Comments on self-concept. What made you want to look up self-concept?Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). The self-schema refers to a long lasting and stable set of memories that summarize a person's beliefs, experiences and generalizations about the self, in specific behavioral domains.A person may have a self-schema based on any aspect of himself or herself as a person, including physical characteristics, personality traits and interests, as long as they consider that aspect of their self.

Comments on self-concept. What made you want to look up self-concept? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Selflessness (Anattaa) More and more the noble teaching of the Buddha seems to be on the way to conquer the world.

More than ever before, Buddhists are working for its propagation in nearly all the countries of the earth. Self-concept is related to several other “self” constructs, such as self-esteem, self-image, self-efficacy, and self-awareness. Self-Concept vs. Self-Esteem Self-concept is not self-esteem, although self-esteem may be a part of self-concept.

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