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More Information On By-product Utilization Distiller's Feeds The nutrients in the mash residue after fermentation are concentrated threefold. This can be determined by weight ratio. Yeast cells and metabolites formed during the fermentation also add to the highly nutritious and palatable feed ingredients.
The product is called distiller's feeds, a mixture which is high in protein and rich in water-soluble vitamins and minerals. Because the fermentation process removes only starch, all the remaining digestible nutrients are left in the distiller's grain.
In addition, some unidentified nutrients called Soil mech grain fermentation factors help to stimulate growth and rumen function in cattle. There are Soil mech types of distiller's feeds produced in the industry. The blank space ahead of each feed would be filled in with the name of the predominant grain from which each is derived, eg, Wheat Distiller's Dried Grains.
Distiller's grains are the solids that are separated from the spent stillage removed prior to -- or right after -- fermentation.
The solubles are the water-soluble nutrients and the fine solid particles that have escaped separation. The remaining percentages are composed of bulk cellulose and other nitrogen-free extracts.
Distiller's feeds should not be fed as a whole or complete ration. Since each farmer has his own particular feed stocks, he should consult with the county livestock agent in his area to determine the best formulation for his particular livestock needs.
Most distilleries dry this product and market it as distiller's dried grains with solubles DDGS. The dried product is a well-known feed Soil mech generally used by feed manufacturers. There are disadvantages to the use of stillage: The weight of material which is transported consists mostly of water.
Animals are limited in their ability to consume water. The wet product deteriorates rapidly and should be fed within one to two days to avoid large nutrient losses.
The major advantage of using stillage is the elimination of the costs for the equipment and energy used to process DDGS. Dried grains can be transported economically over larger distances and are much simpler for feed manufacturers and farmers to handle.
The price of DDGS will be determined by the prices of protein feeds such as soybean meal and energy feeds such as corn.
The figure on the following page shows the relationship between the prices of DDGS, corn, and soybean meal at Chicago during the past 10 years. These price relationships would indicate relative prices if DDGS were sold as a feed ingredient on the wholesale feed ingredient market. For use on farms, stillage would compete with other protein sources which the farmer might use.
Few farmers can purchase and use bulk carloads of soybean meal or other protein ingredients. Stillage would probably be limited to use in beef, dairy, and swine rations. Two major assumptions were made in formulating appropriate rations: Liquid in the ration should not exceed four times the weight of the solids content.
Feeds were formulated to use stillage as a protein source rather than a source of energy except for the heavier steer finishing ration where supplemental protein is ordinarily supplied by urea.
The value of stillage for various rations was: The texture and taste of stillage rations is very distinct and animals would reduce their consumption with frequent formula changes.
Small farm stills which produce stillage intermittently would have to restrict its use to low production animals, e. On this basis, if a truck delivered the stillage a distance of 42 miles, the transport costs would be equal to the value of the stillage.
Similarly, a ton load would have a maximum delivery distance of miles, i. The two primary by-products obtained during the production of ethanol by fermentation of agricultural products are the residue, commonly utilized as an animal feed, and carbon dioxide. Four products are commercially available and have been defined by the American Feed Control Officials.
Distiller's Dried Solubles is obtained after the removal of ethyl alcohol by distillation from the yeast fermentation of a grain or a grain mixture by condensing the thin stillage fraction and drying it by methods employed in the grain distilling industry.
The predominating grain must be declared as the first word in the name ProposedAdopted Distiller's Dried Grains is obtained after the removal of ethyl alcohol by distillation from the yeast fermentation of a grain or a grain mixture by separating the resultant coarse grain fraction of the whole stillage and, drying it by methods employed in the grain distilling industry.
The predominating grain shall be declared as the first word in the name ProposedAdopted Earth Mechanics Inc. (EMI) is a geotechnical and earthquake engineering consulting firm specializing in transportation infrastructure. Founded as a California Corporation in , EMI has accumulated over 29 years of experience completing over 1, projects including bridges, freeways, roadways, tunnels, transit, rail, high-speed rail, wharves, and port facilities.
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Agricultural products of many kinds can be made into alcohol. The choice is not merely a matter of which ones have the greatest yield, but also a question of economics. Since the cost of gasoline isn't yet as high as world market price, the choice of raw material for alcohol fuel must be determined.