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He served in numerous high public offices under Elizabeth Iwho reigned from toJames I, who reigned from toand Charles I, who reigned from to —and his continual efforts to restrain the last two rulers remain a significant part of his legacy.
He was frequently a member of Parliament M. He is most well-known for his influential legal writings, particularly his four-volume Institutes of the Laws of England.
He also published, during his career, Reports, a compendium of leading cases of common law with his own analyses that finally constituted thirteen volumes. His writings on English common law, along with those of sir william blackstone, greatly influenced U.
Coke was born February 1,at Mileham, Norfolk, England, into a family of Norfolk gentry, the only son among eight children.
His father was a barrister, or trial lawyer, and Coke took up the same profession. He became a barrister inand quickly rose to great prominence in his profession and in the political sphere of his time. Coke became recorder of Coventry in and of Norwich inM.
InCoke married Bridget Paston. The union brought him a considerable fortune in money and land, as well as seven children. With his later political power, he was able to add greatly to his wealth over the course of his life. His first wife died in His subsequent marriage a few months later to Lady Elizabeth Hatton, twenty-six years his junior and granddaughter of Burghley, was a troubled one and ended in separation.
He had one daughter by Lady Hatton. As attorney general, Coke was responsible for defending the interests and royal prerogative, or power, first of Queen Elizabeth and then of King James. He supervised state prosecutions in several major treason trials, including those of the earls of Essex and Southampton —01 ; Raleigh ; and the conspirators involved in the Gunpowder Plotan attempt by Catholic opponents to blow up the House of Lords.
A gifted speaker, Coke also proved in such trials that he could be brutal in court. He said of Raleigh, a former favorite of Queen Elizabeth and hero of the realm, "[T]hou hast a Spanish heart, and thyself art a spider of hell" and "there never lived a viler viper upon the face of the earth than thou.
Inhe was made chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas, a position as judge of the common law that soon put him at odds with King James. Coke told King James that he could not make judicial decisions that were in conflict with common-law precedent.
He argued that the common law was a system of "artificial reason and judgment," the accumulated wisdom of many decisions over hundreds of years that could only be acquired through laborious study.Edward Coke's wiki: Sir Edward Coke SL PC MP (/ˈkʊk/ "cook", formerly /ˈkuːk/; 1 February – 3 September ) was an English barrister, judge and, later, opposition politician, who is considered to be the greatest jurist of .
The English jurist and parliamentarian Sir Edward Coke () fought to prevent royal interference with the independent common-law courts. Edward Coke was born at Mileham, Norfolk, and was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, from to is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.
Sir Edward Coke SL (/ k ʊ k / "cook", formerly / k uː k /; 1 February – 3 September ) was an English barrister, judge, and politician who is considered to be the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan and Jacobean barnweddingvt.com mater: Trinity College, Cambridge.
Sir Edward Coke SL (1 February – 3 September ) was an English barrister, judge and politician, who is considered to be the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras. Reference Coke, Edward (), by Stephen M. Sheppard, The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 15 Aug Sir Edward Coke (1 February – 3 September ) was an English Judge and jurist and later a politician whose writings on the English common law were definitive legal texts for some years.