Martin Luther criticised aspects of the Catholic Church and the concept of Papal infallibility. In particular, he believed that it was the Bible alone — and not priests or the Church — which had legitimacy for interpreting the word of Christ. Martin Luther also translated the Bible into German, making it more accessible to the general public. His father was relatively wealthy and paid for his son to gain an education in Magdeburg and Eisenach.
Visit Website Did you know? Legend says Martin Luther was inspired to launch the Protestant Reformation while seated comfortably on the chamber pot. That cannot be confirmed, but in archeologists discovered Luther's lavatory, which was remarkably modern for its day, featuring a heated-floor system and a primitive drain.
Martin Luther Enters the Monastery But The life of martin luther Luther had other plans for young Martin—he wanted him to become a lawyer—so he withdrew him from the school in Magdeburg and sent him to new school in Eisenach.
Then, inLuther enrolled at the University of Erfurt, the premiere university in Germany at the time. There, he studied the typical curriculum of the day: In July of that year, Luther got caught in a violent thunderstorm, in which a bolt of lightning nearly struck him down. He considered the incident a sign from God and vowed to become a monk if he survived the storm.
The storm subsided, Luther emerged unscathed and, true to his promise, Luther turned his back on his study of the law days later on July 17, Instead, he entered an Augustinian monastery.
Visit Website Luther began to live the spartan and rigorous life of a monk but did not abandon his studies. Between andLuther studied at the University of Erfurt and at a university in Wittenberg. In —, he took a break from his education to serve as a representative in Rome for the German Augustinian monasteries.
InLuther received his doctorate and became a professor of biblical studies.
Martin Luther Questions the Catholic Church In early 16th-century Europe, some theologians and scholars were beginning to question the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. It was also around this time that translations of original texts—namely, the Bible and the writings of the early church philosopher Augustine—became more widely available.
Augustine — had emphasized the primacy of the Bible rather than Church officials as the ultimate religious authority. He also believed that humans could not reach salvation by their own acts, but that only God could bestow salvation by his divine grace.
Indulgence-selling had been banned in Germany, but the practice continued unabated. Ina friar named Johann Tetzel began to sell indulgences in Germany to raise funds to renovate St. The 95 Theses Committed to the idea that salvation could be reached through faith and by divine grace only, Luther vigorously objected to the corrupt practice of selling indulgences.
Popular legend has it that on October 31, Luther defiantly nailed a copy of his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Castle church. The reality was probably not so dramatic; Luther more likely hung the document on the door of the church matter-of-factly to announce the ensuing academic discussion around it that he was organizing.
The 95 Theses, which would later become the foundation of the Protestant Reformation, were written in a remarkably humble and academic tone, questioning rather than accusing. The overall thrust of the document was nonetheless quite provocative.
The other 93 theses, a number of them directly criticizing the practice of indulgences, supported these first two.
Why does not the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of St. Peter with his own money rather than with the money of poor believers? The 95 Theses were quickly distributed throughout Germany and then made their way to Rome.
InLuther was summoned to Augsburg, a city in southern Germany, to defend his opinions before an imperial diet assembly.
A debate lasting three days between Luther and Cardinal Thomas Cajetan produced no agreement. Refusing again to recant, Luther concluded his testimony with the defiant statement:Martin Luther, (born November 10, , Eisleben, Saxony [Germany]—died February 18, , Eisleben), German theologian and religious reformer who .
MARTIN LUTHER: The Monk Who Changed the World. Discover the story behind the man who sparked the Protestant Reformation. Told through a seamless combination of live-action storytelling and artistic animation, Martin Luther’s daring life is presented in extensive detail while still making the film relevant, provocative, and accessible.
Watch video · When and Where Was Martin Luther Born? Martin Luther was born on November 10, , in Eisleben, Saxony, in modern southeast Germany. Parents, Early Life and Education. Martin Luther’s parents, Hans . Oct 29, · Watch video · Early Life. Martin Luther (–) was born in Eisleben, Saxony (now Germany), part of the Holy Roman Empire, to parents Hans and Margaretta.
Luther’s father was a prosperous businessman.
Watch video · Martin Luther King Jr.'s life had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States. Years after his death, he is the most widely known African-American leader of his era.
Watch video · Martin Luther King Jr.'s life had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States. Years after his death, he is the most widely known African-American leader of his era. His life and work have been honored with a national holiday, schools and public buildings named after him, and a memorial on Independence Mall in Washington, D.C.